Celebrating 100 years

Miraflores Locks of the Panama Canal

Celebrating 100 years
By Sunny Lockwood

While many dream of traveling around the globe to see such wonders as the Pyramids of Egypt or the Great Wall of China, there is an equally spectacular site in the western hemisphere. And it is celebrating its 100th birthday this year.

What is it? The Panama Canal

This 50-mile waterway, connecting the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, changed our world. When it officially opened in 1914, it cut nearly 8,000 miles off the shipping routes from New York to San Francisco,

Considered the eighth wonder of the world, today the Panama Canal accommodates more than 14,000 ships a year carrying cargo ranging from automobiles to grain, on their passage between the oceans.

More than 10 percent of all U.S. shipping goes through the canal.

Cruising the Panama Canal

But for travelers who want to not only view interesting places but actually experience them, cruising through the Panama Canal is unforgettable. Cruise lines offer an array of such trips from a variety of starting ports.

Depending on a traveler’s pocketbook and calendar, transits can be partial (where the ship enters the canal, goes to Gatun Lake, then turns around and goes back out the same locks used to enter the canal) or full (entering the canal from one ocean and exiting at the far end into the other ocean).

When my husband and I cruised on Holland America’s ms Zuiderdam in 2012, it took more than eight hours to make the entire transit.

Our 82,000-ton ship barely fit in the locks, and being smoothly lifted and lowered 85-feet as the locks filled or emptied, was like riding a magic carpet.

There are three sets of locks at each end of the canal. Two lanes allow two ships to move through the locks at the same time. Each ship climbs up three locks at the start of the canal, and then down three at the end.

Lock chambers are 1,000-feet long and 110-feet wide.

One of the magical aspects of our transit through the locks, then through the nine-mile cut through the Continental Divide (think Rocky Mountains), then through the huge man-made Gatun Lake, and out the locks at the Canal’s far end, was that we and our ship did the transit exactly like that first ship had when the canal opened on August 15, 1914.

No computers at all. Everything is run by gravity and electricity. Gravity fills and empties the locks, lifting ships 85 feet above sea level at the beginning of the Canal, and then lowering them again at the end. And the electricity that opens and closes lock doors, and runs everything else at the canal is created by the canal’s dams. It’s all very self-sufficient.

Our trip was a spectacular and historic experience.

This centennial year would be the perfect time to visit this engineering wonder of the world. And cruising along its watery pathway is both inspiring and sobering (when you consider that more than 26,000 lives were lost in the building of this most famous short cut).

My only suggestion to make the trip more meaningful, would be to do some historical research into the building of the Canal. As you learn about the dream and how hard it was to make it all come true, you’ll appreciate the amazing journey across the Isthmus of Panama.

About the Author

Sunny Lockwood and her husband, Al, have traveled by foot, car, rail, air and cruise ship. Wherever they go, they capture unforgettable moments – Al with his camera and Sunny with her reporter’s notebook. Their work for newspapers and magazines has won national, regional and local awards. Cruising Panama’s Canal, savoring 5,000 nautical miles and 500,000 decadent calories is their first travel memoir. It’s available at amazon.com.

Connect with them on Facebook: Cruising Panama’s Canal

coming out of the Culebra Cut and into Gatun Lake
View from the Crow’s Nest, which is above the bow of ms Zuiderdam. We are coming out of the Culebra Cut and into Gatun Lake. Gatun Lake covers about 180 square miles and makes up the center of the Canal.

Originally posted 2014-07-06 18:15:33.

Author: Robert Fowler

Robert Fowler is President of Retirement Media Inc. Check out Robert's blog at BoomerPlaces.com

8 thoughts on “Celebrating 100 years”

  1. We did the partial transit several years ago on Holland America’s ms Rotterdam. It was quite an experience and we were amazed how our large ship (at the time) fit in the locks. A historian was on board to lecture about the history and construction of the canal which made the experience more memorable. An excellent cruise which anyone would thoroughly enjoy. Highly recommend experiencing the Panama Canal.

  2. On that same cruise trip, we took the antique steam train on the Panama Canal Railroad from the Atlantic coast of Panama all the way to the Pacific coast. This was about 50 miles. It was interesting seeing some of the former US military housing along the canal as well as hear about the history and about the workers that built the canal. Many of them died of malaria.

  3. We took our cruise in October and were cautioned that there could be a lot of rain during that part of the year, but we had clear skies every day. A little afternoon squall hit us while we were in Gatun Lake, but only lasted about 20 minutes. I loved hearing about the train, Robert. Should we ever get down to Panama again, I’d like to try that run.
    And, Mary Ann, thanks for sharing about the partial transit. Sounds like you were as amazed at the workings of the Canal as we were.
    Thanks, Robert, for helping spread the word about this year’s awesome birthday!

  4. I just love to experience this. But I’m a little bit bothered if the ship will fit the lock. But I guess, this concern is properly handled by the ship’s captain. After all they were skilled to do this. Thanks for sharing this!

  5. congo! for completion of its 100 year, i think this canal has made life of many people easy by connecting to sea ,it not only save their time but also money ..i wish in future i could get a chance to explore it..

  6. Heck yes, the Panama Canal is one of the wonders of the world. How incredible is it that man was able to come with ideas like these and then have the manpower to implement them?

    It’s just incredible to think how much building it changed to course of the world, eliminating having to make that trip all the way around , 8000 miles you said.

    It’s pretty cool too that submarines, or Navy ships, use the same concept when they pull into dry dock for refit (I was stationed aboard a submarine.) We would transit in and kind of wait outside of the locks. The shipyard crew would have already filled the dry dock basin and would crank open the massive steel gates.

    The tugboats would guide us in, and slowly line everything up so that we were floating in the water directly above the resting blocks. Then gallon by gallon they would pump out the basin, slowly lowering the water level making sure we were still aligned with the blocks that supported the keel and hull. Eventually all the water was gone and there was this massive black tube of steel sitting there. Then when it was time to go out to sea, they’d reverse the process and fill it back up.

    The human mind and engineering are pretty awesome yeah? Thanks for the brief history lesson in your post too. 26,000 lives lost? Yikes.

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